Frequently Asked Questions
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CBC or Complete Blood Count is a routine test asked by a physician to get a picture of an individual's health. This test can be ordered in general as routine investigation or also can be asked by the clinician if the patient has any health issues. Few tests included in CBC are Haemoglobin, WBC, RBC, Platelets, etc.
Platelets are small refractile cells found in blood which are responsible for haemostasis (a complex process which causes bleeding to stop). Platelets reduce in infections like malaria, dengue. A normal platelet count should be in between 1.40 - 4.50 Lacs/mL.
Blood sugar should be checked as and when required from time to time for a healthy or a diabetic individual. It should be monitored every quaterly by visiting a pathology laboratory. Two samples of blood are given for testing; morning fasting sample which is (BSF) and at two hours after meals (BSPP). Normal Blood sugar level in a healthy individual should be: BSF: 60 - 110 mg% & BSPP : < 145 mg%
HbA1c or Glycosylated haemoglobin is a special test to determine the blood sugar level in an individual. This test gives a fair picture of sugar present in blood for the last three to six months. The test is especially beneficial to the treating clinician and to monitor his patients.
There are many methods by which the HIV can be detected. The following widely used methods are:
1) HIV by ELISA
2) HIV by WesternBlot
3) HIV by PCR
HIV by PCR is more confirmatory than the other two specified methods.
Yes in some conditions or in stages where HIV infection is at its peak, few HIV tests results can come negative. This doesnt mean that the person has been cured of the infection. The treating clinicians intervention and requisition of specialised test is needed.
It is mandatory for every health setup to keep its patients identity completely confidential. These credentials can only be divulged to the treating clinicians and after a proper counselling can be passed on to the patient's close relatives, keeping in mind that the tested individuals consent is taken.
There are in all 30 types of blood groups according to the "International Society Of Blood Transfusion" (ISBT). The major blood group sytem of human interest is the ABO & Rh systems.
Following are the major blood groups